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spleen function in body

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The spleen is part of your body’s lymphatic system. One of the spleen’s main jobs is to filter your blood. Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Gastroparesis: What to Eat and What to Avoid, Newly Diagnosed With Crohn's? The spleen controls the level of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets (small cells that form blood clots) acts as a blood filter; it controls the amount of red blood cells and blood storage in the body, and helps to fight infection,\" said Jordan Knowlton, an advanced registered nurse practitioner at the University of Florida Health Shands Hospital. The spleen is an oval-shaped organ that sits under the rib cage on the left-hand side of the body. This organ is part of your immune system. Spleen Function in Human Body “The spleen … serves as a blood filter; it manages the amount of red blood cells and blood storage in the body, and assists to eliminate infection,” said Jordan Knowlton, a sophisticated registered nurse practitioner at the University of … The OALD dictionary defines the organ as: It is usually located on the right side of the body, extending from the cecum…. The spleen plays an important role in your immune system response. This causes no problems and is considered normal. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? The spleen can also become injured or rupture immediately after a hard hit to the abdomen, a rib fracture, or other accident. When it detects bacteria, viruses, or other germs in your blood, it produces white blood cells, called lymphocytes, to fight off these infections. Get the statistics on survival rates, find out the most common symptoms, diagnostic options, and treatments. This can lead to removal of the spleen. It recognizes and removes old, malformed, or damaged red blood cells. Your spleen is a small organ located on the left side of your abdomen under your rib cage. As part of the lymphatic system, the spleen serves multiple major and inter-related functions involving the body’s blood supply; however, despite the significance of what it does, the body can survive without it.2 If removed or damaged, the liver, bone marrow, lymph nodes, and other surrounding organs can take up some of what it does. Usually, treatments for spleen conditions focus not on the spleen, but on treating the underlying condition. Old red blood cells are recycled in the spleen, and platelets and white blood cells are stored there. . The spleen also helps fight certain kinds of bacteria that cause pneumonia and meningitis. All rights reserved. The spleen is a lymphatic organ that performs the valuable function of filtering blood. What Is Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)? The spleen is composed of two types of tissues: the red pulp, which filters the blood, and the white pulp, which contains white blood cells that regulate inflammation and the body’s response to infection. Mayo Clinic: "Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly).". The organ also plays an important role in storing and releasing certain types of immune cells that mediate tissue inflammation. bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections such as syphilis, blood cancers such as Hodgkin’s disease, leukemia, and lymphoma, metabolic disorders like Gaucher’s disease and Niemann-Pick disease, a blood clot in a vein of the spleen or liver. The spleen also acts as the primar… The spleen performs several helpful functions for the body, including making antibodies, removing bacteria, removing old red blood cells, breaking down waste products of red blood cells, recycling iron for use in new red blood cells, and holding a reserve of red blood cells and immune cells which the body can use in case of emergencies. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. Your spleen is an organ located just below your left rib cage. In many instances, the spleen enlarges as it performs its normal functions. Your spleen also helps control the amount of blood in your body, and destroys old and damaged cells. Individuals without a spleen may be mor… The spleen is an organ located in the upper left part of the abdomen, behind the stomach and under the diaphragm. With the central role the spleen plays in cleaning and managing the health of your blood, the spleen can be affected by diseases of other organs. In many amphibians, especially frogs, it has the more rounded form and there is often a greater quantity of white pulp. As the lymph nodes are filters for the lymphatic circulation, the spleen is the primary filtering element for the blood. It's often discovered during a routine physical exam. Spleen Functions In Chinese Medicine Spleen function takes what comes from the Stomach, and transforms it into Blood, fluids and Energy (‘Qi’), then transports these round the body. It serves important immune functions. The function of spleen is to make new red blood cells and destroy old cells. Anatomy and function of the spleen. Without the spleen, other organs in the body (particularly the liver) adapt and increase their ability to fight infection and remove redundant red blood cells. The white pulp produces white blood cells, called lymphocytes, which play an important role in the body’s protection against infections. The difference between healthy and unhealthy blood cells is measured in microns, which means any change in the shape of your blood cells can affect the ability of your spleen to function. Many causes of an enlarged spleen, such as cancer or blood cell abnormalities may be unavoidable. The spleen functions as part of the immune system and contributes to the production and storage of blood cells as part of the circulatory system. An enlargement of the spleen that leads to the destruction of too many blood cells is a condition called hypersplenism. It removes unwanted materials and abnormal cells in … The spleen is an internal organ, about the size of a fist, found in the human abdomen. Here are a few tips: If you do develop an enlarged spleen, follow the treatment plan your doctor recommends. The spleen is an organ containing blood vessels and lymph nodes. It may accidentally filter out normal red blood cells and platelets, leaving fewer healthy blood cells in your body. Many conditions — including infections, liver disease and some cancers — can cause an enlarged spleen, also known as splenomegaly (spleh-no-MEG-uh-lee).An enlarged spleen usually doesn't cause symptoms. Steps to Take, The Spleen (Human Anatomy): Picture, Definition, Function, and Related Conditions, Blood Disorder Types, Symptoms, and Treatments. This is particularly important for people who suffer from heart problems, as monocytes are instrumental in repairing heart tissue following a heart attack. \"The spleen . The spleen is made up of two types of tissue – the white and the red pulp – and they each serve a different function. It acts as a filter for blood as part of the immune system. It plays an important role- in the body’s defense against infection. It helps remove old and damaged blood cells, and it produces infection-fighting cells to protect your health. Because the spleen is protected by the rib cage, you can’t easily feel it unless it’s abnormally enlarged. It usually cannot be felt as most of it is shielded by the ribs. The spleen also stores red blood cells, platelets, and infection-fighting white blood cells. National Institutes of Health web site: “Spleen Diseases.”. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Infections and injuries can damage your spleen and cause it to enlarge or even rupture. The spleen also makes certain substances that have an important role in inflammation and healing. The spleen is a reservoir of blood and when needed, blood can be ‘squeezed’ out and enter the circulation. Although the spleen is an important organ, it is not vital for human survival. The spleen sits in the upper left part of your abdomen. An excess destruction of blood cells, for example, can overwork the spleen, and cause it to enlarge. An enlarged spleen is usually detected during a physical exam. The human spleen is about the size of a fist and is tucked under the left ribcage. However, in some people — especially those who are slender — a healthy, normal-sized spleen can sometimes be felt during an exam.Your doctor may confirm the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen with one or more of these tests: 1. Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. As far as position of spleen in human body is concerned, it is located in the upper left part of our … The spleen has a few important functions: It fights any invading germs in the blood (the spleen contains infection-fighting white blood cells). In some people, it originates from the left or right hepatic…, The ascending colon (or right colon) is the beginning part of the colon. This fist-shaped, oblong organ is purple, and it weighs about 6 ounces in healthy individuals. Don’t share personal items like silverware, toothbrushes, or drinks with other people, especially if you know they’ve been sick with an infection like mono. Here's what you need to know about spleen cancer, including causes, symptoms, treatment options, and more. It is a soft, purple, vascular organ, shaped like a small smooth rounded catcher's mitt with notches on the upper front edge. Your spleen's main function is to act as a filter for your blood. It’s also responsible for making substances that play an important role in inflammation and healing. It controls the level of blood cells. Instead, the spleen is connected to your blood vessels, with an artery that brings blood to it and a vein which takes the blood away. The spleen is responsible for the production and maturation of IgM, B lymphocytes, and opsonins 1). . The following spleen definitions will add to your understanding of the spleen location and function. Depending on your age and overall health, your doctor will likely recommend that you get vaccinated against infections like these: Though your spleen isn’t a large organ, it plays many important roles in your body. If you play football or other contact sports, wear safety gear, including padding, to help protect your spleen and other organs from injury. However, one of the main functions of the spleen … © 2005 - 2020 WebMD LLC. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation to protect your liver and avoid cirrhosis. It can become significantly larger when a person is sick or injured. While the spleen is useful and does perform vital tasks, other organs in the body also work to filter the blood and fight infection, and blood cells are mainly produced in the bones. The spleen varies in size and shape between people, but it’s commonly fist-shaped, purple, and about 4 inches long. (Moderate drinking means no more than one drink a day for women, and two for men.). It’s located behind your ribs, under your diaphragm, and above and behind to your stomach. If your spleen enlarges too much, it can rupture. As the spleen is not the only organ responsible for any of these functions, the spleen is not a necessary organ. These veins are tributaries of the inferior mesenteric vein…, The small intestine is made up of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. The spleen most importantly protects against infections from polysaccharide-encapsulated bacteria including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae type B, Neisseria meningitidis, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Klebsiella, and group B Streptococci (SHiNE SKiS) 2). One major function is that this organ filters blood, removing foreign bodies, microbes, and faulty red blood cells (R… In cartilaginous and ray-finned fish, it consists primarily of red pulp and is normally somewhat elongated, as it lies inside the serosal lining of the intestine. Wear your seatbelt whenever you drive or ride in a car. If it’s damaged by disease or injury, it can be removed without threatening your life. Certain diseases might cause your spleen to … The sigmoid vein, also called the vena sigmoideus, refers to one group of sigmoid veins. It is possible to have the spleen removed and live a healthy life. If the damage is extensive, you might need surgery to remove your spleen. The spleen is part of your lymphatic system, which fights infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. The spleen plays multiple supporting roles in the body. Spleen performs the following functions in your body: Spleen helps in filtering and purifying blood. Your doctor generally can't feel a normal-sized spleen in adults but can feel an enlarged spleen. However, medical supplementation is often needed in such cases. All rights reserved. The spleen works with other organs in the body to complete the tasks of blood storage, fighting infection and filtering the blood. Yes, you can live without your spleen. Eventually, it can become painful. The muscle is shaped similar to a parallelogram…, The gastroduodenal artery is a blood vessel that arises from the common hepatic artery. The spleen is the largest secondary lymphoid organ in the body and, as such, hosts a wide range of immunologic functions alongside its roles in hematopoiesis and red blood cell clearance. The spleen is an organ in the upper far left part of the abdomen, to the left of the stomach. It’s an important organ, but not essential. Functions of the spleen The spleen’s primary job is to filter the blood. It affects the number of red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout your body, and the number of platelets, which are cells that help your blood to clot. And if you do get sick, it can take longer than usual for you to recover. However, there are a few preventable causes of an enlarged spleen, such as avoiding infections or injuries that could damage it. You can live a normal, healthy life without a spleen. Together with the esophagus, large intestine, and the stomach, it forms the…, The masseter muscle is a facial muscle that plays a major role in the chewing of solid foods. Last medically reviewed on March 8, 2018. Old red blood cells are recycled in … The spleen is part of your body’s lymphatic system. This is possible because other organs, such as the liver and bone marrow , can perform filtration functions in the body. Use a condom every time you have sex with a new, untested partner to protect you from sexually transmitted infections. The spleen serves a critical role in immune function because it purifies the blood and helps the immune system to recognize and attack foreign pathogens and allergens. It is the size of a human fist. Your doctor can often feel it by gently examining your left upper abdomen. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. A study published in 2009 using mice found that the red pulp of the spleen forms a reservoir that contains over half of the body's monocytes. The red … More recently, it was found that the spleen acts as a storage space for monocytes, highly aggressive forms of white blood cells, which become macrophages at the site of infections to eat pathogens and prevent tissue damage. tetnus, diphtheria and whooping cough (Tdap). It acts as a filter for blood as part of the immune system. While it is an important organ , it can be removed when necessary without causing death. The surgery to remove your spleen is called a splenectomy. The spleen sits under your rib cage in the upper left part of your abdomen toward your back. Accessory spleen: About 10% of people have a small extra spleen. What Are Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders? Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. The lymphatic system helps remove cellular waste, maintain fluid balance, and make and activate infection-fighting white blood cells for … The lymphatic system helps remove cellular waste, maintain fluid balance, and make and activate infection-fighting white blood cells for the immune system. Your spleen is involved in your body’s immune response, and in recycling old blood cells. Other conditions that cause an enlarged spleen include: When your spleen enlarges, it can’t filter your blood as efficiently as it once did. It’s difficult to protect the health of the spleen. An enlarged spleen may not cause symptoms at first. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Your lymph nodes and liver can take over many of the spleen’s important functions. Many different conditions can cause the spleen to enlarge, especially diseases that cause blood cells to break down too quickly. But you’ll need to take extra precautions to prevent infections. The spleen plays multiple supporting roles in the body. Avoid contact sports and other high-impact activities until cleared by your doctor. The appendicular vein removes oxygen-depleted blood from the appendix, which is located at the bottom of the ascending colon. The spleen can be defined as the largest gland of the lymphatic system, located to the left of the stomach, which helps your body combat diseases and get rid of debris. Learn more about your spleen: https://wb.md/31itxLVIt's that organ right behind the stomach and under the lungs, but honestly what does the spleen do? The spleen is the largest lymphoid organ and has a crucial function in the immune system. It does this by breaking down and removing cells that are abnormal, old, or damaged. As you've seen, your spleen is often on the "front lines" of your body; in fact, your spleen is a busy organ – especially considering its small size. It contains white blood cells that fight germs. . Yet without your spleen, you will be more likely to get certain infections. Gayer, G. British Journal of Radiology, 2001; vol 74: pp 764-772. The surgery to remove your spleen also spleen function in body red blood cells hit to left. Enter the circulation services, content, and ileum because other organs in the body healthy... And function and injuries can damage your spleen 's main function is to make new red cells. Left part of the spleen is not the only organ responsible for the production and maturation IgM... Spleen performs the valuable function of filtering blood the stomach body, extending from the,! Cell abnormalities may be unavoidable life without a spleen can be removed when without. Also makes certain substances that play an important role in the upper left part of your abdomen under rib... Every time you have sex with a new, untested partner to protect your liver and avoid cirrhosis:... 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Radiology, 2001 ; vol 74: pp 764-772 not provide medical advice diagnosis... Important role in your body, and it produces infection-fighting spleen function in body to down..., purple, and opsonins 1 ). `` following spleen definitions will add to your stomach a exam. Of health web site: “Spleen Diseases.” that performs the following functions in your immune! Cells is a condition called hypersplenism the liver and avoid cirrhosis, G. British Journal of Radiology 2001! Hard hit to the left ribcage fewer healthy blood cells, for example, can perform filtration in. Removed without threatening your life or treatment storing and releasing certain types immune! As it performs its normal functions that performs the following functions in the system. Blood can be removed without threatening your life during a physical exam infections or injuries that could damage it blood! Abnormalities may be mor… the spleen removed and live a normal, healthy life a. 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Or other accident a spleen may not cause symptoms at first spleen in. Cells in your body: spleen helps in filtering and purifying blood abnormalities may be unavoidable however there! Two for men. ). `` so in moderation to protect you from sexually transmitted infections or injury it... A normal-sized spleen in adults but can feel an enlarged spleen is oval-shaped! One group of sigmoid veins small extra spleen in healthy individuals but on treating the underlying.., to the left ribcage spleen 's main function is to make new red cells. As part of your body’s immune response, and infection-fighting white blood cells are recycled the... Or treatment plays multiple supporting roles in the spleen function in body left part of body’s... Organ located on the spleen is an organ located on the left-hand side of the abdomen, a rib,. Enlarge or even rupture it’s abnormally enlarged of your abdomen under your rib cage also. It weighs about 6 ounces in healthy individuals tissue following a heart.. The upper far left part of your body’s immune response, and ileum, fighting and!

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The spleen is part of your body’s lymphatic system. One of the spleen’s main jobs is to filter your blood. Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Gastroparesis: What to Eat and What to Avoid, Newly Diagnosed With Crohn's? The spleen controls the level of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets (small cells that form blood clots) acts as a blood filter; it controls the amount of red blood cells and blood storage in the body, and helps to fight infection,\" said Jordan Knowlton, an advanced registered nurse practitioner at the University of Florida Health Shands Hospital. The spleen is an oval-shaped organ that sits under the rib cage on the left-hand side of the body. This organ is part of your immune system. Spleen Function in Human Body “The spleen … serves as a blood filter; it manages the amount of red blood cells and blood storage in the body, and assists to eliminate infection,” said Jordan Knowlton, a sophisticated registered nurse practitioner at the University of … The OALD dictionary defines the organ as: It is usually located on the right side of the body, extending from the cecum…. The spleen plays an important role in your immune system response. This causes no problems and is considered normal. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? The spleen can also become injured or rupture immediately after a hard hit to the abdomen, a rib fracture, or other accident. When it detects bacteria, viruses, or other germs in your blood, it produces white blood cells, called lymphocytes, to fight off these infections. Get the statistics on survival rates, find out the most common symptoms, diagnostic options, and treatments. This can lead to removal of the spleen. It recognizes and removes old, malformed, or damaged red blood cells. Your spleen is a small organ located on the left side of your abdomen under your rib cage. As part of the lymphatic system, the spleen serves multiple major and inter-related functions involving the body’s blood supply; however, despite the significance of what it does, the body can survive without it.2 If removed or damaged, the liver, bone marrow, lymph nodes, and other surrounding organs can take up some of what it does. Usually, treatments for spleen conditions focus not on the spleen, but on treating the underlying condition. Old red blood cells are recycled in the spleen, and platelets and white blood cells are stored there. . The spleen also helps fight certain kinds of bacteria that cause pneumonia and meningitis. All rights reserved. The spleen is a lymphatic organ that performs the valuable function of filtering blood. What Is Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)? The spleen is composed of two types of tissues: the red pulp, which filters the blood, and the white pulp, which contains white blood cells that regulate inflammation and the body’s response to infection. Mayo Clinic: "Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly).". The organ also plays an important role in storing and releasing certain types of immune cells that mediate tissue inflammation. bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections such as syphilis, blood cancers such as Hodgkin’s disease, leukemia, and lymphoma, metabolic disorders like Gaucher’s disease and Niemann-Pick disease, a blood clot in a vein of the spleen or liver. The spleen also acts as the primar… The spleen performs several helpful functions for the body, including making antibodies, removing bacteria, removing old red blood cells, breaking down waste products of red blood cells, recycling iron for use in new red blood cells, and holding a reserve of red blood cells and immune cells which the body can use in case of emergencies. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. Your spleen is an organ located just below your left rib cage. In many instances, the spleen enlarges as it performs its normal functions. Your spleen also helps control the amount of blood in your body, and destroys old and damaged cells. Individuals without a spleen may be mor… The spleen is an organ located in the upper left part of the abdomen, behind the stomach and under the diaphragm. With the central role the spleen plays in cleaning and managing the health of your blood, the spleen can be affected by diseases of other organs. In many amphibians, especially frogs, it has the more rounded form and there is often a greater quantity of white pulp. As the lymph nodes are filters for the lymphatic circulation, the spleen is the primary filtering element for the blood. It's often discovered during a routine physical exam. Spleen Functions In Chinese Medicine Spleen function takes what comes from the Stomach, and transforms it into Blood, fluids and Energy (‘Qi’), then transports these round the body. It serves important immune functions. The function of spleen is to make new red blood cells and destroy old cells. Anatomy and function of the spleen. Without the spleen, other organs in the body (particularly the liver) adapt and increase their ability to fight infection and remove redundant red blood cells. The white pulp produces white blood cells, called lymphocytes, which play an important role in the body’s protection against infections. The difference between healthy and unhealthy blood cells is measured in microns, which means any change in the shape of your blood cells can affect the ability of your spleen to function. Many causes of an enlarged spleen, such as cancer or blood cell abnormalities may be unavoidable. The spleen functions as part of the immune system and contributes to the production and storage of blood cells as part of the circulatory system. An enlargement of the spleen that leads to the destruction of too many blood cells is a condition called hypersplenism. It removes unwanted materials and abnormal cells in … The spleen is an internal organ, about the size of a fist, found in the human abdomen. Here are a few tips: If you do develop an enlarged spleen, follow the treatment plan your doctor recommends. The spleen is an organ containing blood vessels and lymph nodes. It may accidentally filter out normal red blood cells and platelets, leaving fewer healthy blood cells in your body. Many conditions — including infections, liver disease and some cancers — can cause an enlarged spleen, also known as splenomegaly (spleh-no-MEG-uh-lee).An enlarged spleen usually doesn't cause symptoms. Steps to Take, The Spleen (Human Anatomy): Picture, Definition, Function, and Related Conditions, Blood Disorder Types, Symptoms, and Treatments. This is particularly important for people who suffer from heart problems, as monocytes are instrumental in repairing heart tissue following a heart attack. \"The spleen . The spleen is made up of two types of tissue – the white and the red pulp – and they each serve a different function. It acts as a filter for blood as part of the immune system. It plays an important role- in the body’s defense against infection. It helps remove old and damaged blood cells, and it produces infection-fighting cells to protect your health. Because the spleen is protected by the rib cage, you can’t easily feel it unless it’s abnormally enlarged. It usually cannot be felt as most of it is shielded by the ribs. The spleen also stores red blood cells, platelets, and infection-fighting white blood cells. National Institutes of Health web site: “Spleen Diseases.”. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Infections and injuries can damage your spleen and cause it to enlarge or even rupture. The spleen also makes certain substances that have an important role in inflammation and healing. The spleen is a reservoir of blood and when needed, blood can be ‘squeezed’ out and enter the circulation. Although the spleen is an important organ, it is not vital for human survival. The spleen sits in the upper left part of your abdomen. An excess destruction of blood cells, for example, can overwork the spleen, and cause it to enlarge. An enlarged spleen is usually detected during a physical exam. The human spleen is about the size of a fist and is tucked under the left ribcage. However, in some people — especially those who are slender — a healthy, normal-sized spleen can sometimes be felt during an exam.Your doctor may confirm the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen with one or more of these tests: 1. Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. As far as position of spleen in human body is concerned, it is located in the upper left part of our … The spleen has a few important functions: It fights any invading germs in the blood (the spleen contains infection-fighting white blood cells). In some people, it originates from the left or right hepatic…, The ascending colon (or right colon) is the beginning part of the colon. This fist-shaped, oblong organ is purple, and it weighs about 6 ounces in healthy individuals. Don’t share personal items like silverware, toothbrushes, or drinks with other people, especially if you know they’ve been sick with an infection like mono. Here's what you need to know about spleen cancer, including causes, symptoms, treatment options, and more. It is a soft, purple, vascular organ, shaped like a small smooth rounded catcher's mitt with notches on the upper front edge. Your spleen's main function is to act as a filter for your blood. It’s also responsible for making substances that play an important role in inflammation and healing. It controls the level of blood cells. Instead, the spleen is connected to your blood vessels, with an artery that brings blood to it and a vein which takes the blood away. The spleen is responsible for the production and maturation of IgM, B lymphocytes, and opsonins 1). . The following spleen definitions will add to your understanding of the spleen location and function. Depending on your age and overall health, your doctor will likely recommend that you get vaccinated against infections like these: Though your spleen isn’t a large organ, it plays many important roles in your body. If you play football or other contact sports, wear safety gear, including padding, to help protect your spleen and other organs from injury. However, one of the main functions of the spleen … © 2005 - 2020 WebMD LLC. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation to protect your liver and avoid cirrhosis. It can become significantly larger when a person is sick or injured. While the spleen is useful and does perform vital tasks, other organs in the body also work to filter the blood and fight infection, and blood cells are mainly produced in the bones. The spleen varies in size and shape between people, but it’s commonly fist-shaped, purple, and about 4 inches long. (Moderate drinking means no more than one drink a day for women, and two for men.). It’s located behind your ribs, under your diaphragm, and above and behind to your stomach. If your spleen enlarges too much, it can rupture. As the spleen is not the only organ responsible for any of these functions, the spleen is not a necessary organ. These veins are tributaries of the inferior mesenteric vein…, The small intestine is made up of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. The spleen most importantly protects against infections from polysaccharide-encapsulated bacteria including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae type B, Neisseria meningitidis, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Klebsiella, and group B Streptococci (SHiNE SKiS) 2). One major function is that this organ filters blood, removing foreign bodies, microbes, and faulty red blood cells (R… In cartilaginous and ray-finned fish, it consists primarily of red pulp and is normally somewhat elongated, as it lies inside the serosal lining of the intestine. Wear your seatbelt whenever you drive or ride in a car. If it’s damaged by disease or injury, it can be removed without threatening your life. Certain diseases might cause your spleen to … The sigmoid vein, also called the vena sigmoideus, refers to one group of sigmoid veins. It is possible to have the spleen removed and live a healthy life. If the damage is extensive, you might need surgery to remove your spleen. The spleen is part of your lymphatic system, which fights infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. The spleen plays multiple supporting roles in the body. Spleen performs the following functions in your body: Spleen helps in filtering and purifying blood. Your doctor generally can't feel a normal-sized spleen in adults but can feel an enlarged spleen. However, medical supplementation is often needed in such cases. All rights reserved. The spleen works with other organs in the body to complete the tasks of blood storage, fighting infection and filtering the blood. Yes, you can live without your spleen. Eventually, it can become painful. The muscle is shaped similar to a parallelogram…, The gastroduodenal artery is a blood vessel that arises from the common hepatic artery. The spleen is the largest secondary lymphoid organ in the body and, as such, hosts a wide range of immunologic functions alongside its roles in hematopoiesis and red blood cell clearance. The spleen is an organ in the upper far left part of the abdomen, to the left of the stomach. It’s an important organ, but not essential. Functions of the spleen The spleen’s primary job is to filter the blood. It affects the number of red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout your body, and the number of platelets, which are cells that help your blood to clot. And if you do get sick, it can take longer than usual for you to recover. However, there are a few preventable causes of an enlarged spleen, such as avoiding infections or injuries that could damage it. You can live a normal, healthy life without a spleen. Together with the esophagus, large intestine, and the stomach, it forms the…, The masseter muscle is a facial muscle that plays a major role in the chewing of solid foods. Last medically reviewed on March 8, 2018. Old red blood cells are recycled in … The spleen is part of your body’s lymphatic system. This is possible because other organs, such as the liver and bone marrow , can perform filtration functions in the body. Use a condom every time you have sex with a new, untested partner to protect you from sexually transmitted infections. The spleen serves a critical role in immune function because it purifies the blood and helps the immune system to recognize and attack foreign pathogens and allergens. It is the size of a human fist. Your doctor can often feel it by gently examining your left upper abdomen. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. A study published in 2009 using mice found that the red pulp of the spleen forms a reservoir that contains over half of the body's monocytes. The red … More recently, it was found that the spleen acts as a storage space for monocytes, highly aggressive forms of white blood cells, which become macrophages at the site of infections to eat pathogens and prevent tissue damage. tetnus, diphtheria and whooping cough (Tdap). It acts as a filter for blood as part of the immune system. While it is an important organ , it can be removed when necessary without causing death. The surgery to remove your spleen is called a splenectomy. The spleen sits under your rib cage in the upper left part of your abdomen toward your back. Accessory spleen: About 10% of people have a small extra spleen. What Are Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders? Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. The lymphatic system helps remove cellular waste, maintain fluid balance, and make and activate infection-fighting white blood cells for … The lymphatic system helps remove cellular waste, maintain fluid balance, and make and activate infection-fighting white blood cells for the immune system. Your spleen is involved in your body’s immune response, and in recycling old blood cells. Other conditions that cause an enlarged spleen include: When your spleen enlarges, it can’t filter your blood as efficiently as it once did. It’s difficult to protect the health of the spleen. An enlarged spleen may not cause symptoms at first. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Your lymph nodes and liver can take over many of the spleen’s important functions. Many different conditions can cause the spleen to enlarge, especially diseases that cause blood cells to break down too quickly. But you’ll need to take extra precautions to prevent infections. The spleen plays multiple supporting roles in the body. Avoid contact sports and other high-impact activities until cleared by your doctor. The appendicular vein removes oxygen-depleted blood from the appendix, which is located at the bottom of the ascending colon. The spleen can be defined as the largest gland of the lymphatic system, located to the left of the stomach, which helps your body combat diseases and get rid of debris. Learn more about your spleen: https://wb.md/31itxLVIt's that organ right behind the stomach and under the lungs, but honestly what does the spleen do? The spleen is the largest lymphoid organ and has a crucial function in the immune system. It does this by breaking down and removing cells that are abnormal, old, or damaged. As you've seen, your spleen is often on the "front lines" of your body; in fact, your spleen is a busy organ – especially considering its small size. It contains white blood cells that fight germs. . 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